The flag of
Guatemala, adopted in 1871, has three
horizontal stripes. The sky blue stripes of the
flag represent the two bodies of water that
border the country, the Atlantic and the
Caribbean Sea. The central white stripe
symbolizes the country of Guatemala,
peace, purity and integrity.
At the center of the
flag is Guatemala's coat of arms.
Inscribed are the words Libertad 15 de
Septiembre de 1821 which means Freedom
September 15, 1821 the date in which Guatemala
declared its independence from Spain.
The wreath of
bay laurel branches on the shield symbolizes
victory; the Respelndent Quetzal
represents liberty. The two rifles stand
for Guatemala's readiness to defend
itself and the two crossed swords denote honor.
The emblem was designed by
the Swiss artist
Johan-Baptist Frener, who lived in
Guatemala from 1854 to 1897 when he died.
comes form then Nahuatl
place with many trees.
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