The Spanish Flag is
also known as la Rojigualda,
roji - rojo- for red and
gualda for the plant that tints a
golden yellow. The Spanish flag has a
yellow central stripe which is double the width
of the two red stripes.
The Spanish flag used to be predominantly
white, as that of many other European countries.
When Charles III became King of Spain,
in 1785, he realized that it was necessary
to change the colors of the flag so as to not to
be confused with enemy ships when at war. The
King Charles selected the current red and yellow
colors, that come from The House of Bourbon.
The Spanish coat of arms is placed
slightly to the left on the yellow stripe, on
both sides of the flag. This shield has at the
top the Royal Crown and the Pillars of
Hercules on each side.
The quarters symbolize the Medieval kingdoms
that united form what we now know as Spain.
These kingdoms were Castilla (castle),
Aragón (bars), Navarra
(chains) and Granada (flower).
At the center it has
an oval with three fleur-de-lis
which represents the House of Bourbon.
The Spanish flag
can only be flown horizontally from public
buildings, homes, ships, town squares.
*Spain is located
in Europe and is part of the European
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