José Guadalupe Posada
Posada was born in Aguascalientes in 1853, and as a child, he learned the techniques of grabado
and lithography in Trinidad Pedroso’s Workshop of Popular Graphics. In 1871, he began to collaborate
as an illustrator for El Jicote, which was published in his native land, where his sarcastic style had already begun to emerge.
It’s possible that because of political persecution he
was forced to move to León, Guanjuato, where he gave classes at a high school. There he built his own workshop and quickly became famous
in his field.
He moved to Mexico City in 1888 and began 25 years of lithographic and “grabado”
production, collaborating for several newspapers and flyers. In all of these cartoons, Posada satirized governmental abuses and revealed all
Posada gave it a face, with a sarcastic, ironic touch. It was through his art that the Catrina and later the Calaca were born. The Catrina Both feminine personalities are famous icons of death and the top creations of Posada.
*Catrina : Spanish word that means well dressed, rich. Posada used it as a way of criticizing the rich society of Mexico.
©1999-2012 Inside Mexico All rights reserved. All articles, images, pictures and design contained in
this website are the property of Inside Mexico and protected by copyright law. NO part of this site can be used without previous authorization. We will be glad to authorize, upon request,
educational non-profit projects and require that credit be given to Inside Mexico and a link back to our site.