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 Culture & Traditions

The Teotihuacan Civilization: Important Facts


  1. The archeological zone of Teotihuacán, México, is located approximately 40 miles northeast of México City. There is little doubt that Teotihuacán was a major city-state that housed a complex urban society. 
     
  2. Teotihuacan was established in the year 200 B.c
     
  3. The Teotihuacan were descendants of the Totonac people.  
     
  4. The Teotihuacan people spoke  Nahuatl language. 
     
  5. The Pyramid of the Sun determined the orientation of the city. 
     
  6. At the beginning of the Teotihuacan, culture society was matriarchal. 
     
  7. Teotihuacan archaeology was based on the construction of slope and board with a perfect alignment of temples, palaces, residential neighborhoods, markets, craft sites and large squares for religious festivals, altars, etc. 
     
  8. The Teotihuacan worshiped various gods, so they were polytheistic. 
     
  9. The most important pyramids are the Temple of the Sun and of the Moon

     
  10. The Pyramid of the Moon and its ceremonial square were called the Palace of Quetzalcoatl, which means divine butterfly. 
     
  11. The stairs of the pyramid of the Sun are sinuous with precise measurements: the depth of each step is the size of a foot. 


     

  12. They used the technique of ornamental pilasters with relief, battlements with plaster on the facades and stone buildings. They decorated their buildings with fresco murals. 
     
  13. Dances were part of the ceremonies dedicated to the different deities such as fertility, the Earth, the Sun, Quetzalcoatl. 
     
  14. The musical instrument in the ceremonies were certain types of flutes made of clay which produced very sharp notes and accompanying bells. 
     
  15. The cure of diseases was carried out through mysticism and the use of natural remedies; mixing science and religion that would give way to  Mexican Herbology.  
     
  16. The people of Teotihuacan were farmers. The main crops they harvested were corn, pumpkin, nopal and maguey. 
     
  17. Tools for cultivation came from obsidian and rocks, as the mixed stone, to process the fiber of maguey. 
     
  18. Their clothes were made from maguey fibers and colored with pigments extracted from plants and minerals. 
     
  19. They well excellent ceramists; they modeled beautiful vases with lids, zoomorphic and anthropomorphic vessels with orange terracotta clay. 
     
  20. They created jewels and headdresses with Quetzal feathers, sea shells, jade,  cocoa, copal (Burseraceae), and cotton. 
     
  21. Today Teotihuacan is designated as a Cultural Heritage of Humanity.
     


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