Huerta’s victory would be short-lived. A new Revolutionary movement emerged with unprecedented force; it was called the Constitutionalist Movement. Huerta had to flee the country in 1914. In 1917 theConstitution was reformed. Fighting among revolutionary groups did not end until 1920.
The Revolution had at last triumphed!
I believe that day has come. …
“I welcome an opposition party in the Mexican Republic,” he said. “If it becomes a reality, I will regard it as a blessing, not as an evil.”
In early 1909 Francisco I. Madero founded the Anti Reelectionist Party.
Madero came from a wealthy family from Coahuila. He had studied business in France as well as in the U.S. He vigorously fought against reelection and for democracy and liberty in Mexico through his political newspaper articles.
The Anti Reelectionist party designated him to run for President in the elections of 1910.
Díaz was now under constant pressure, and on June 6th he ordered the imprisonment of Madero, augmenting that he was “inciting rebellion and offending the authorities”.
Francisco I. Madero was taken to a prison in San Luis Potosí, where he awaited the results of the elections. There he learned that through an electoral fraud Díaz declared himself President of Mexico one more time!
Then and there Madero, who had always been a pacifist, decided to flee from prison and call for a National Insurrection on November 20 1910. He declared the electoral process invalid and appointed provisional Governors. Immediately, uprising broke out in several Mexican states. The first were Puebla, Coahuila, Chihuahua and Sonora.
Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua, was taken by the revolutionary: Pascual Orozco and Francisco “Pancho” Villa. When the city surrendered Madero set up his provisional government there. Díaz was then forced to resign and had to abandon the country.