There is a wide variety of weaves, decorations, dyeing styles, and great wealth of design.
The loom used most frequently by native artisans is of pre Hispanic origin, and is called a waist loom. It is built by the weaver herself, who ties one end to a post from which the loom hangs, and the other end, at a lower level, to her waist. The decoration of the weavings are finished with multicolored embroidery.
Known worldwide are the objects made of precious metals such as silver and gold. For the indigenous peoples, silver was the god of darkness. The artisan who worked these metals was highly esteemed, and was said to be a man who was “experienced, who knows the face of things”.
Taxco is a small town of narrow, cobblestone streets with small red roofed houses, whose inhabitants work exclusively with silver.
Copper has been worked since before the Spanish Conquest, and today in Santa Clara del Cobre, in the state of Michoacan, it is hammered to produce jugs, glasses, bells, and candlesticks.
One of the best tests of the skill and passion the artisan employs in his work can be seen in the finishings known as lacas (lacquers), a very complex production that requires great care of detail.
In the hands of artisans, both quarry stone and hard stone forsake their inanimate state to become saints, virgins, fountains and animals. The carving of quarry stone has a grandiose history in the pre-Hispanic period.
All the indigenous cultures had magnificent sculptors; proof of this are the enormous Olmec heads and the Toltec Atlases. Quarry stonework today is generally used to decorate gardens.