The Legend of the Cempasuchil Flower The Day of the Dead Flower


This beautiful legend recounts the love story of two young Aztecs,  Xóchitl and Huitzilin, a romance from which the cempasuchil flower was born.

This wonderful love story began when the two young Aztecs were still little. They used to spend all their spare time playing and enjoying discovering their town together. Although  Xochitl was a delicate girl, her family let her join in the adventures of her neighbor Huitzilin.  With time, it was only natural that their love would flourish.

 

 

They particularly enjoyed hiking to the top of a near mountain where they would offer flowers to the Sun god Tonatiuh. The god seemed to appreciate their offering and would smile from the sky with his warm rays.  On a particularly beautiful day at the top of the mountain, they swore that their love would last for ever.

 

When war broke out the lovers were separated as Huitzilin headed to fight and protect their homeland.

Soon the dreaded news of  Huitzilin‘s death reached Xóchitl.  She felt her world falling to pieces, her heart completely torn.

She decided to walk one last time to the top of the mountain and implore the sun god  Tonatiuh, to somehow join her with her love Huitzilin.  The sun moved by her prayers threw a ray that gently touched the young girl’s cheek. Instantly she turned into a beautiful flower of fiery colors as intense at the sun rays.

 

Suddenly a hummingbird lovingly touched the center of the flower with its beak.

It was Huitzilin that was reborn as a handsome hummingbird.  The flower gently opened its 20 petals,  filling the air with a mysterious and lovely scent.

The lovers would be always together as long as cempasuchil flowers and hummingbirds existed on earth.

 

 

This is how the cempasúchil  flower came to be the Day of the Dead Flower.

The Legend of Popocatepetl & Iztaccíhuatl A Love Story

The view that adorns the world’s largest city – Mexico City – is enhanced by the majesty of two of the highest volcanoes in the hemisphere: Popocatepetl and Iztaccíhuatl. The presence of these enormous millenary volcanoes has been of great significance for the different societies that have admired and revered them, being a source of inspiration for the many legends about their origin and creation.  

 

Among these, the best known are two below. Thousands of years ago, when the Aztec Empire dominated the Valley of Mexico, it was common practice to subject neighboring towns and to require a mandatory tax. It was then that the chief of the Tlaxcaltecas, bitter enemies of the Aztecs, weary of this terrible oppression, decided to fight for his people’s freedom.

The chief had a daughter named Iztaccihuatl: the most beautiful of all the princesses, who had professed her love for young Popocatepetl, one of her father’s people and the most handsome warrior. Both professed a deep love for each other, so before leaving for war, Popocatepetl asked the chief for the hand of Princess Iztaccihuatl.

The father gladly agreed and promised to welcome him back with a big celebration to give him his daughter’s hand if he returned victorious from the battle. The brave warrior accepted, prepared everything and departed keeping in his heart the promise that the princess would be waiting for him to consummate their love. Soon afterward a love rival of Popocatepetl, jealous of the love they professed to each other, told Princess Iztaccihuatl that her beloved had died in combat.

Crushed and overwhelmed by sadness, the princess died without even knowing that it was a lie. Popocatepetl returned victorious to his people, hoping to find his beloved princess. Upon arrival, he received the terrible news of the death of Iztaccihuatl.

El Español: The History of the Spanish Language

 


Spanish is one of the most important languages in the world. But what exactly is language?

 

Language emerged due to man’s need to communicate with others. In prehistoric times, men communicated through very simple oral, and sometimes written, language, and made drawings that highlighted their adventures and experiences. 

 

The Greeks developed the first alphabet, giving a specific sound to each sign. This alphabet was the precursor of the Roman alphabet, which is very similar to the one we use today. 

A language is the mirror of its culture. Through it, through the words of each language, we can observe the peculiarities or characteristics of the people that speak it.      

Language brings with it the flavors, colors, and smells of each country.  For example, when we hear the word, fiesta our mind brings forth images of Mexican joyfulness, and what can we say about a resounding Ole What do we imagine? ….. of course!….. the Spanish traditions.

 

And through language, we express not only our opinions and thoughts but our history, our cultural roots, our origins.

Today there are about 5000 different languages spoken in the world. The most frequently spoken languages are English, Spanish, French, Portuguese, Chinese, Russian and Arabic.

 

The world is increasingly interdependent; this means that we constantly have to deal with people or companies from other countries. Individuals who have the skill to master another language will be more able to be successful in this new world. There are many work opportunities for people who know how to speak another language.

 

In particular, learning Spanish gives us the possibility to communicate with an entire continent! Around 400 million people speak Spanish as their native language. From Spain to Argentina!

The Legend of the Foundation of Tenochtitlan The Foundation of Mexico City



 

One of the most beautiful Mexican legends recounts that the people of Aztlan, north of what is today Mexico, had to leave their homes by orders of their gods in search of the promised land.
It is believed that the Aztecs, whose name means the people of Aztlan, began to emigrate in the 6th century.

The future Aztecs or Mexica, formed by the Nahua peoples, on orders of their god Huitzilopochtli, the Sun and War god, had to abandon the place where they lived and start a pilgrimage to find a place where an eagle perched on a prickly pear cactus, devouring a snake would be.

Huitzilopochtli told the Aztecs that when they found the eagle it would be the signal that they had reached land where they would build the most powerful empire in Mesoamerica, Middle America.

The Culture of the Sun



When the first men became conscious of the light that was emitted from the sun, and the relationship that exists between light and day; darkness and night; the sun and the moon;  they assigned them each values.  The sun received the positive values: life and flourishing nature;  the moon’s values were a little more negative: the world of the dead, a decline.

From the sun comes positive energy, and to him, “Tonathiu”, the highest honors are given in the festivals and traditions that come from the “life cycles” – the same cycles which are associated with the arrival of Spring.

In all of the pre-Colombian cultures, the sun is associated with the Spring rituals, when life is reborn and flourishes.  It is also the time of year to prepare the fallow land for harvest.  In the “huichol” pueblos, a ritual is prepared for the “deer”, which is the sun that carries light to the pueblos throughout the three-day celebration.

The figure of the sun is even present in the roundness of our Mexican tortilla, which nourishes and provides energy for our body.  The form of the tortilla – round — and the corn – yellow like the sun – bring together symbolic elements of the positive values.

The Pre-Hispanic cultures took advantage of the light of the sun, converting into energy for their own bodies.  They would rub their hands together vigorously, and then expose their hands to the sun of the heavenly star for several minutes, sitting on the ground with their legs crossed in the lotus position.

In archaeological centers across the world, it has become a tradition for the people to receive the equinox.  As the pyramids attract energy, people arrive dressed in white, ready to receive the forces of the sun.  Many arrive early in the morning, climb the pyramids, and find a good place to receive the energy.  Some wear flower necklaces; others wear red handkerchiefs around their foreheads; and those who are the most deeply rooted in the tradition light incense and walk in huaraches or go barefoot along the edifying rocks.

La Leyenda de Xunaan y el Joven Guerrero

 


 

Cuenta la leyenda que guiados por un hombre sabio, los primeros pobladores de Bolonchen llegaron al lugar en el que encontraron nueve cenotes, o pozos creados por los dioses para recoger el agua de lluvia. 

 

Pero no fue fácil para ellos adueñarse del lugar. Tuvieron que luchar durante años liderados por un joven valiente y gran guerrero. 

 

En el pueblo vivía una hermosa joven llamada Xunaan, cuya dulzura y bondad le gano el amor de todos los pobladores. Cuentan que su voz tenía el sonar de los manantiales. 

 

El joven guerrero al verla quedó perdidamente enamorado. Ya no podía pensar en nada más que en la encantadora Xunaan. Ella también lo amaba pero entre ellos se interpuso la madre de Xuuanan quien temerosa de perder a su hija, decidió esconderla en una gruta que nadie conocía. 

 

El joven guerrero desesperado, no podía más que centrarse en encontrarla. En su búsqueda descuidó a su pueblo que perdió el bienestar y la alegría .

 

El pueblo entero decidió buscar a la doncella pero no tuvieron suerte, hasta que un dia un pájaro se acercó a varias señoras que lavaban cerca de un pozo. Con su hermoso plumaje las salpicó para que oyeran a lo lejos el canto de Xunaan proveniente del fondo del pozo.

 

Rápidamente le llevaron la noticia al joven enamorado quien guiado por el ave mensajera llegó al sitio en el que se encontraba su amada. No fue fácil descender por las estrechas paredes rocosas de la gruta, pero su amor lo llenaba de valentía.

 

Por fin estaban juntos los jóvenes enamorados; el amor venció y la alegría volvió al pueblo.

 

Dicen que aun después de tantos siglos, todas las noches regresa el joven guerrero a la gruta para escuchar el canto de su amada Xunaan.

 

Hoy en dia se puede visitar este cenote, llamado Xunaan o Doncella Escondida en Akumal, Quintana Roo.