Mexican Independence Day 16 de Septiembre


El Grito every 16th of September is the Mexican Fiesta par excellence! On this day Mexicans all over the world celebrate Mexico’s independence from Spanish rule.

This 2019 Mexico commemorates   219 years of Independence from Spanish rule and 119 years of its Revolution that began in 1910 and toppled dictator Porfirio Diaz.  Indigenous peoples were the first to inhabit what is now known as Mexico. They founded great civilizations such as the Olmec, the Teotihuacan, MayaToltec, and of course the most powerful of all, the Aztec Empire.

After Christopher Columbus “discovered” America, the Spaniards carried out expeditions to find gold and riches from these faraway lands.   In 1521, about 500 Spanish soldiers arrived in Mexico, headed by an ambitious man: Hernán Cortés.  At this time, the Aztecs had built a great empire that ruled over all Mesoamérica. So the Spaniards decided to direct their attacks towards them.

The indigenous nations that were under the Aztec rule were tired of the physical and economic hardships imposed upon them by this empire.  This circumstance made them think that by helping the Conquerors defeat the Aztecs, they would be better off.  So they decided to aid the Spaniards.

This is how the Conquest of what is now Mexico began.

On the 13th of August 1521, Cuauhtémoc, the last Aztec emperor was captured. The indigenous allies of the Spaniards raided Tenochtitlan, capital of the Aztec empire.

They didn’t know it at the time, but they had been liberated from one oppressor and fallen in the hands of a much more powerful authoritarian.

This was the beginning of three centuries of Spanish rule. The new colony was namedNueva España, New Spain.

The years that followed were devastating. The conquerors brought with them diseases unknown to the natives. The epidemics that broke out as well as the merciless workload imposed upon the natives dramatically diminished the Indian population.   There were approximately 20 million Indians inhabiting this territory before the Conquest, and after just one century of Spanish rule there were only 1 million left!

What is the song Mexicans Sing at Soccer Games? Cielito Lindo Lyrics

Cielito Lindo is a traditional  Mexican song written by Quirino Mendoza y Cortes in 1882.  It is one of the most popular songs widely known throughout the Spanish-speaking world as a symbol of Mexico.  In recent years it has become an unofficial national anthem for Mexicans, sung as a sign of unity.  It is sung spontaneously in sports games as well as protests and every kind of gathering where love for Mexico is expressed.


De la Sierra Morena,
cielito lindo, vienen bajando,
Un par de ojitos negros,
cielito lindo, de contrabando.


Estribillo:

Ay, ay, ay, ay,
Canta y no llores,
Porque cantando se alegran,
cielito lindo, los corazones.


Pájaro que abandona,

cielito lindo, su primer nido,
Si lo encuentra ocupado,
cielito lindo, bien merecido.

(Estribillo)

Ese lunar que tienes,
cielito lindo, junto a la boca,
No se lo des a nadie,
cielito lindo, que a mí me toca.

(Estribillo)

Una flecha en el aire,
cielito lindo, lanzó Cupido,
si la tiró jugando,
cielito lindo, a mí me ha herido.

(Estribillo)

From the Sierra Morena,
lovely heaven, coming down is
A pair of lovely black eyes,
lovely heaven, sneaking by.

Chorus:


Ay, ay, ay, ay,

Sing and don’t cry,
Because by singing our hearts are happy, lovely heaven.

A bird that abandons,
its first nest, lovely heaven,
If he finds it occupied,
lovely heaven, it will be well deserved.

(Chorus)

That beauty mark that you have
lovely heaven, next to your mouth,
Don’t give it to anyone,
lovely heaven, for it is mine.

(Chorus)

An arrow in the air
lovely darling, Cupid launched
if he was playing,
lovely heaven, he has stricken me.

(Chorus)

 


Cielito Lindo Lyrics Mexican Football Song

Cielito Lindo is a traditional  Mexican song written by Quirino Mendoza y Cortes in 1882.  It is one of the most popular songs widely known throughout the Spanish-speaking world as a symbol of Mexico.  In recent years it has become an unofficial national anthem for Mexicans, sung as a sign of unity.  It is sung spontaneously in sports games, particularly at soccer games, as well as protests and every kind of gathering where love for Mexico is expressed.


De la Sierra Morena,
cielito lindo, vienen bajando,
Un par de ojitos negros,
cielito lindo, de contrabando.


Estribillo:

Ay, ay, ay, ay,
Canta y no llores,
Porque cantando se alegran,
cielito lindo, los corazones.


Pájaro que abandona,

cielito lindo, su primer nido,
Si lo encuentra ocupado,
cielito lindo, bien merecido.

(Estribillo)

Ese lunar que tienes,
cielito lindo, junto a la boca,
No se lo des a nadie,
cielito lindo, que a mí me toca.

(Estribillo)

Una flecha en el aire,
cielito lindo, lanzó Cupido,
si la tiró jugando,
cielito lindo, a mí me ha herido.

(Estribillo)

From the Sierra Morena,
lovely heaven, coming down is
A pair of lovely black eyes,
lovely heaven, sneaking by.

Chorus:


Ay, ay, ay, ay,

Sing and don’t cry,
Because by singing our hearts are happy, lovely heaven.

A bird that abandons,
its first nest, lovely heaven,
If he finds it occupied,
lovely heaven, it will be well deserved.

(Chorus)

That beauty mark that you have
lovely heaven, next to your mouth,
Don’t give it to anyone,
lovely heaven, for it is mine.

(Chorus)

An arrow in the air
lovely darling, Cupid launched
if he was playing,
lovely heaven, he has stricken me.

(Chorus)

 


Mexican Independence Facts Hechos de la Independencia de México


1. Mexican Independence Day is celebrated every September 16.  Cinco de Mayo is not Mexico’s Independence Day. 

 

2. The Mexican Independence war begun on September 16, 1810 and ended on September 27, 1821. La guerra de Independencia comenzó el 16 de Septiembre de 1810 y concluyó el 27 de Septiembre de 1821. 

 

3.  The movement for independence was inspired by the Age of Enlightenment and the liberal revolutions of the last part of the 18th century.  El moviemento de indepencia en Mexico se inspiró en la Era de la Ilustración y las revoluciones liberales sucedidas a finales del siglo 18.

 

4.   The Mexican Independence War sought to gain autonomy from  Spanish Rule.  El objetivo de la guerra de Independencia de Mexico fue la liberación del yugo Español.

 

5.   Mexico was a conquered by the Spaniards in 1521.  The colonial period went from 1521 to 1821. Mexico fue conquistado por los Españoles en 1521 y la época colonial duro hasta 1821.

 

6.   The Shout of Dolores, or El Grito, by father Miguel Hidalgo symbolizes de beginning of the independence war.  El Grito de Independencia simboliza y marca el inicio del movimiento de Independencia.

 

7.  The Shout of Dolores by given by Father Miguel Hidalgo in what now is known as Dolores in the State of Guanajuato.  El Grito de Independencia fue dado por Don Miguel Hidalgo, en lo que es hoy el Estado de Guanajuato.

 

8.   Father Miguel Hidalgo, a Catholic Priest, is known as the Father of the Mexican Nation. Don Miguel Hidalgo es reconocido como el Padre de la Nación Mexicana.

 

9. The first independent government in Mexico was that of Agustin de Iturbide. He was named Constitutional Emperor of Mexico. The Mexican Empire was short lived. 1821-1823  El primer gobierno independiente en Mexico fue el de Agustin de Iturbide y fue llamado el Imperio Mexicano que duro muy poco. 1821-1823

 

10.   The first elected Mexican President was Guadalupe Victoria who’s presidency went from 1824 to 1829.   El primer presidente electo de Mexico fue Guadalupe Victoria 1824-1829  

 

¡Viva México! ¡Viva México! ¡Viva México!

 

 

 

 

 

 

¡Viva México!

What better song to commemorate Mexico’s triumphs such as our Independence or the Battle of Puebla., than the very nationalistic Viva Mexico. Composed by Pedro Galindo,  this song is traditionally sung by the people gathered in the plazas and zócalos to celebrate El Grito de Independencia, every  September 16.

Soy puro mexicano,
nacido en este suelo,
en esta hermosa tierra
que es mi linda nación.

Mi México querido.
que linda es mi bandera,
si alguno la mancilla
le parto el corazón.

Viva México, viva América,
oh suelo bendito de Dios;
viva México,
viva América,
mi sangre por ti daré yo.

Soy puro mexicano
y nunca me he dejado,
si quieren informarse
la historia les dirá:

Qué México es valiente
y nunca se ha rajado;
viva la democracia,
también la libertad.

Viva México, viva América,
oh suelo bendito de Dios;
viva México,
viva América,
mi sangre por ti daré yo.

Soy puro mexicano,
por eso estoy dispuesto;
si México lo quiere
que tenga que pelear.

Mi vida se la ofrezco,
al cabo él me la ha dado,
y como buen soldado
yo se la quiero dar.

Viva México, viva América,
oh suelo bendito de Dios;
viva México,
viva América,
mi sangre por ti daré yo.

I’m pure Mexican
born in this land,
In this beautiful territory
my grand nation.

My beloved Mexico
how beautiful our flag,
If someone sullies her
I’ll break his heart.

Long live Mexico, long live America,
oh blessed land of God;
long live Mexico,
long live America,
I’ll give by life for you.

I’m pure Mexican
and never given up,
if you want to check
history will show you:

That Mexico is courageous
and never has backed out;
long live democracy
and liberty.

Long live Mexico, long live America,
oh blessed land of God;
long live Mexico,
long live America,
I’ll give by life for you.

I’m pure Mexican
and for that I’m willing;
if Mexico
requires me to fight.

I offer her my life,
since she has given it to me,
and as a good soldier,
I’ll offer it to her.

Long live Mexico, long live America,
oh blessed land of God;
long live Mexico,
long live America,
I’ll give by life for you.