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Mexico Facts

Official Name

Estados Unidos Mexicanos

Geographical Location

North America Border at the north with the US and at the south with Guatemala and Belize.

Mexican Territory

1 964 375 km²  758,249 sq mi


Spanish. In addition to Spanish more than 50 dialects are also spoken in Mexico.


Mexico is a Federal Republic constituted by 31 states and a Federal District. The president is directly elected to a non-renewable six-year term.

Branches of Government: Executive, Legislative and Judicial

President 2012-2018 Enrique Peña Nieto

Official Residence

Los Pinos, The Pines, is the official home of the President of Mexico. It is located in Mexico City.

The first Mexican president to live in Los Pinos was President Lázaro Cárdenas in 1935. President Cárdenas named the residence “Los Pinos” in honor of the orchard in Michoacan where he met his wife Amalia Solórzano.


Mexico City


Peso (MXN Symbol $)




The Mexican Flag


Himno Nacional Mexicano composed by Francisco González Bocanegra and Jaime Nunó. It was first sung on September 16, 1854.

Independence Day

September 16. Read more about Mexico’s Independence.