When the first men became conscious of the light that was emitted from the sun, and the relationship that exists between light and day; darkness and night; the sun and the moon; they assigned them each values. The sun received the positive values: life and flourishing nature; the moon’s values were a little more negative: the world of the dead, a decline.
From the sun comes positive energy, and to him, “Tonathiu”, the highest honors are given in the festivals and traditions that come from the “life cycles” – the same cycles which are associated with the arrival of Spring.
In all of the pre-Colombian cultures, the sun is associated with the Spring rituals, when life is reborn and flourishes. It is also the time of year to prepare the fallow land for harvest. In the “huichol” pueblos, a ritual is prepared for the “deer”, which is the sun that carries light to the pueblos throughout the three-day celebration.
The figure of the sun is even present in the roundness of our Mexican tortilla, which nourishes and provides energy for our body. The form of the tortilla – round — and the corn – yellow like the sun – bring together symbolic elements of the positive values.
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