On October 12 Mexicans celebrate El Día de la Raza, the Day of the Race instead of Columbus Day due to the controversies surrounding this historical figure.  The Italian explorer and his Spanish crews enslaved and slaughtered thousands of American indigenous groups they encountered during their voyage, many Spanish-speaking countries and communities don’t honor Columbus day, and instead celebrate El Dia de la Raza


 So, what is celebrated on El Dia de la Raza holiday? It celebrates the Hispanic heritage of Latin America and honors many of the countries that were conquered by Spain. 


El Día de la Raza celebrates the birth of a new identity resulting from the fusion of two cultures that of the Spanish conquerors and the indigenous people in America.

La Raza Cosmica Jose Vasconcelos


It is a day to commemorate our Hispanic race and heritage. In Spain and other countries it is called El Día de la Hispanidad, The Spanishness

 Day.  In Venezuela, in 2002 it was changed to the Día de la Resistencia Indígena, The Day of the Indigenous Resistance.

The term La Raza originated in the 1925 book, La Raza Cósmica, The Cosmic Race, by the Mexican writer José Vasconcelos. He explained la Raza Cósmica as the product of continuous racial mixing that was already underway in the Latin world. Vasconcelos thought that ultimately all of the people within the former Spanish Empire would be thoroughly blended into a new race. This fully mixed race, the cosmic race, in which all the best qualities of each race would persist by the natural selection of love.